Saturday, 3 September 2016

Holsworthy, New South Wales

Holsworthy is a suburb in south-western Sydney, in the state of New South WalesAustralia 31 kilometres south-west of theSydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Liverpool and partly in the Sutherland Shire.
Holsworthy is most notable for a large Australian Army reserve, Holsworthy Barracks, where training exercises are frequently carried out. The reserve is adjacent to Heathcote Road, which connects to BankstownLiverpoolLucas HeightsEngadine andHeathcote. Signs on the perimeter warn potential trespassers of the use of laser guided and conventional gunfire.
The residential area is located north of the railway station. Anzac Village is a locality in the northern part of the suburb and the adjacent suburb of Wattle Grove. A new development called 'Mornington' has recently been built in this region. A shopping centre has also been built in this area.The area was named after Holsworthy, Devon, England, where Governor Lachlan Macquarie married Elizabeth Campbell, on 3 November 1807. It was originally spelt as Holdsworthy until after World War II, when the 'd' was dropped.[2]
Originally the land belonged to the Tharawal people but following the arrival of the First Fleet, indigenous people were pushed back from their traditional lands in the area surrounding Sydney. In 1795, explorers George Bass and Matthew Flinders explored the Georges River and in 1798, grants of land for farming were made in the area. The soil was good and crops of cornwheat and vegetables were soon being harvested.[3]
However, tensions developed with the Tharawal. In 1801, Governor King ordered soldiers to fire on the aborigines to keep them from settler's properties. By 1815, Governor Macquarie declared a state of open warfare against aborigines in the Georges River area and forbade them carrying weapons within a mile of any British settlement. Ultimately, the British prevailed.[4]-wiki link

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